The subject is a noun
(or pronoun) which does the action expressed by a verb
(if the verb is in the active voice) or has the
action done to it (if the verb is in the passive voice).
batter hit the ball. (active voice)
batter was hit by the ball. (passive voice)
- The subject will be
in the nominative case.
- The subject either
will be a noun, pronoun, or word used as a noun, or will be expressed in
the verb ending.
- The subject and predicate
agree in terms of number (both are in the singular form or both are in the
plural form). Note the exception to neuter plural subjects below.
- If the subject of a
sentence is expressed by a noun, pronoun or noun-like word, the verb will
be third person.
In English, the subject
must always be expressed (by a noun, pronoun, or something functioning as
a noun). In Greek, since person is expressed in the ending of a verb, the
subject need not be expressed if the subject is a pronoun. In fact, if the
subject is a pronoun, rarely will Greek use more than the verb itself to express
both the subject and the predicate.