present tense reflects the author's present or the speaker's present,
and it is critically important to understand that. The speaker or the writer
creates the grammatical units (sentences), and it is from the perspective
of the speaker or writer that grammatical features are generally determined.
happen, of course, in the subject's present.
batter was hit by the ball."
batter is hit by the ball."
batter will be hit by the ball."
the one event, which for the batter was in his present of course! The
distinctions made by the verbs is the time of occurrence of that event in
relation to the time the author writes that statement or the speaker makes
that statement. The present tense is used for actions or states which, from
the perspective of the writer or speaker, occurs at the time he or she is
writing or speaking about it.