The simple description
of an adverb is that it is a word added to the meaning of the verb (ad + verb)
to qualify the range of the verb in some way. (Less often, adverbs qualify
adjectives or another adverb.)
- He walked.
- He walked quickly.
In English, the suffix "ly" is routinely added to adjective forms
to create the adverb form. In Greek, a suffix is also often added.
Two suffixes are common. The first is a distinctive form; the second is the
accusative singular neuter form of the adjective, which often is used as an
- Adverbs have only
one form. (Contrast this to adjectives, which have 24 or more forms, expressing
case, gender, and number.)
- Adverbs most commonly
end in either:
- Adverbs add a spot
of colour onto the verb. They are not crucial to the fundamental structure
of the sentence.