that we are most familiar with distinguish between one and more than one
the singular and plural. The plural covers everything more than
one two to upteen zillions. There is no necessity for this: a language
could work with the categories of "few" and "many."
verbs, nouns, pronouns, participles and adjectives all have singular and plural
In English, only nouns and pronouns clearly indicate number, and in verbs
only for the first person singular (e.g., "He runs."). We learn
early, for example, that in nouns create the plural form by adding the letter
'S,' and children sometimes make mistakes in English by applying this rule
to cases that are exceptions (deer deers; goose gooses, rather
than geese, etc.)
A verb takes its number from the subject of the sentence. Subjects and predicates
are said, therefore, to "agree" in number. But there is one exception:
neuter plural subjects take a singular verb.