is one of three genders in Greek. Although the majority of clearly masculine
things are of this gender in Greek, it is important not to think of this grammatical
feature as biological at all. It is grammatical and simply that.
of the masculine are provided on the chart below for case endings, articles,
and relative pronouns. Note how closely related the forms are. The red letters
or breathing marks and accents indicate what is added to the case endings
to form the articles and the relative pronouns. The faded letters indicate
what letters are dropped.