Transcription Guidelinestags: anglo-saxon studies, computers, editorial studies, exercises, manuscript studies, palaeography, students, study tips, textual studies, transcription, tutorials, xml
The following is a list of typographical conventions to use when transcribing medieval manuscripts in my classes.
Strikethroughindicates the physical deletion of text in a witness. Deletion may be by any method (underlining, punctum delens, erasure, overwriting, etc). You should indicate the precise method of deletion by a note at the end of your transcription. The deleted text is recorded whenever possible. If deleted text cannot be recovered, it is replaced by colons.
You indicate strikethrough in HTML as follows
<strike>Text struck through</strike>
- Upward sloping brackets indicate that the enclosed text has been added above the manuscript line. If a caret was used, this is indicated with a preceding comma or caret symbol (⁁): ⁁\addition above the line/.
- Vertical brackets indicate that the enclosed text has been inserted between existing characters within the manuscript line. Insertion is distinguished from overwriting (i.e. the conversion of one character to another or the addition of a new character in the space left by a previously deleted form).
- Brackets indicate that the enclosed text has been added over some pre-existing form. This addition may involve the conversion of one letter to another (for example, the conversion of
to by the addition of an ascender), or the addition of new text in the place of a previous erasure. The overwritten text is treated as a deletion.
- Downward sloping brackets indicate that the enclosed text has been added below the manuscript line.
- addition| or |addition
- A single vertical bar indicates that the text has been added at the beginning or end of a manuscript line. Text preceded by a single vertical bar has been added at the end of a manuscript line. Text followed by a single vertical bar has been added at the beginning of a manuscript line. Text between two vertical bars has been added “within the line” (i.e. between pre-existing letters or words).
- Underlining indicates that text has been damaged. When damaged text is unclear or illegible, additional symbols are used.
In HTML, you indicate text is underlined as follows:
- Angle brackets indicate that the enclosed text is unclear for some physical reason (e.g. rubbing, flaking, staining, poorly executed script).
In HTML, there is a distinction between angled brackets (
〉) and the greater than and less than signs (
<). If you use the greater and less than signs, your text will not appear as the browser will think your text is an HTML code.
- [supplied] or [emended]
- Square brackets indicate that the enclosed text is being supplied or emended. “Supplied text” refers to the hypothetical restoration of original readings from a specific witness that have become lost or illegible due to some physical reason. “Emended text” refers to the replacement of legible text from extant witnesses by a modern editor or transcriber.
- Colons represent text that is completely effaced or illegible. The number of colons used corresponds roughly to the number of letters the transcriber believes are missing. Note that colons are used for text that was in the manuscript but is not physically missing due to erasure or other damage. They are not used to indicate text that has not been copied into the manuscript but appears in other versions.
Posted: Monday November 19, 2007. 12:32.
Last modified: Wednesday May 23, 2012. 19:12.
Insular Scripttags: anglo-saxon studies, insular script, manuscripts, manuscript studies, medieval studies, palaeography, students, study tips, tutorials
Here is a basic listing of letters in an insular script. The letters are from a manuscript of the early eleventh century.
Posted: Thursday March 8, 2007. 12:48.
Last modified: Wednesday May 23, 2012. 19:14.