Reverse detail from Kakelbont MS 1, a fifteenth-century French Psalter. This image is in the public domain. Daniel Paul O'Donnell

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Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari/The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)

Posted: Mar 15, 2020 12:03;
Last Modified: Mar 15, 2020 12:03

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The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is one of those films you are supposed to have seen. In my memory, it was one of the movies Reg Hartt used to advertise for his Cineforum screenings in Toronto. I’ve always wanted to see it, but never really had the chance.

It’s available now on Criterion in a 4D restoration, based, as so often seems to be the case, in part on copies preserved in South America (the same was true, if I remember, for The Deadly Invention). The restoration is very clear and high quality.

It’s a fun story, which I won’t say anything about here, because it has a good twist at the end.

My main takeaways involve the acting, makeup, sets, and one editing issue.

The acting, makeup, and sets are notable primarily because of how stagey they are. The actors are wearing mime-style pancake makeup, and then acting in a very stylised, large-eyed style — in fact there is a reason for this that fits with the plot, but it is also very Weimary.


Dr. Caligari, Cesare, and Jane Olsen showing the melodramatic style

The sets likewise are very stage-like: ostentatiously painted and stylised, oddly shaped windows and doors, stagey paint. The characters’ apartments look like Van Gogh’s Bedroom.



Dr. Caligari walking along a stage-like set

Another interesting thing is the way scenes transition: basically pretty much every scene begins or ends with an Iris Shot — a transition in which the scene opens up from or closes down to a small circle. Apparently this is something that this movie in particular is well-known and quite influential for. Notable is the way it uses double irises to indicate simultaneous action.



An iris shot closing or opening on Casare

As a side note, I’m also watching season three of Babylon Berlin, which is set in large part on a movie set in Berlin in 1929. Watching Dr. Caligari helped me understand a couple of things they are doing there: the iris shots that really hold the small circle at the beginning of a new scene (a straight homage to Dr. Caligari) and the very stagey sets and acting of the movie that is at the centre of this season: while they film in this case is a talky — a musical, in fact — the presentation, set, and acting is very reminiscent of Dr. Caligari.

A second note. The intertitles are really cool. If you like the script they use, there’s a font available.

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Invention for Destruction / The Deadly Invention / The Fabulous World of Jules Verne (Vynález zkázy) 1958

Posted: Mar 01, 2020 19:03;
Last Modified: Mar 01, 2020 19:03

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Still: A battleship showing live action characters

A really lovely and astoundingly well-done live-action-and-animation film based on the Jules Verne novel Facing the Flag. The sets are based on line drawings apparently taken from a nineteenth-century edition. Over this move live action actors, and drawings (fish, etc.). Sometimes the entire screen is an animation. Other times it is a mix of animation and live action or stick footage (this is particularly true of the ocean scenes, where there are line drawings of waves with film of waves running over them). Sometimes the line drawings have clearly been turned into sets and actors interact with them in 3D. In the restored version on Criterion it is truly astounding for a 1958 film. Extremely carefully done.


Stills showing the interaction of live characters and animated sets and backgrounds.

Apparently this was very often shown on television in North America in the 1960s and 1970s. I think I may vague remember it as well.

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