Anglo-Saxon Timeline
Century Year Kings and Kingdoms
Northumbria Mercia Gewisse Kent
Bernicia Deira Wessex
York
Fifth Century   Migration Period
450
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
460
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
470
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
480
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Icel (488-501)
 
490
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sixth Century 500
  Cnebba (501-566)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
510
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Cerdic (519-534)
520
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
530
 
 
 
  Cynric (534-560)
 
 
 
 
 
540
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ida (547-559)

 
 
550
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Glappa (559-560)

Ælle (559-589)
560

Adda (560-568)

Ceawlin (560-591)
 
 
 
 
 
  Cynewald (566-584)
 
 

Æþelric (568-572)

 
570
 
  Þeodric (572-579)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Friðuwald (579-585)

580 Æðelberht I (580 or 590 to 616)
 
 
 
  Creoda (584-593)
 

Hussa (585-593)

 
 
 
  Æðelric (of Bernicia) (589-593)
590
  Ceol (591-597)
 
 

Æthelfrith (593-616) (son of Æðelric)

Pybba (593-606)
 
 
 
  Ceolwulf (597-611)
 
 
Seventh Century 600
 
 
 
 
 
  Ceorl (606-626)
 
 
 
610
  Cynegils (611-643)
 
 
 
 
 

Edwin (616-632) (son of Ælle)

Eadbald (616-640)
 
 
 
620
 
 
 
 
 
  Penda (626-655)
Eowa (634-642): co-ruler, brother of Penda
Peada (653-656), coruler in SE Midlands; son of Penda.
 
 
 
630
 
 

Eanfrið (632-633) (son of Æðelfrið)

Osric (632-633) (cousin of Edwin)
 

Oswald (633-642) (son of Æðelfrið)

 
 
 
 
 
 
640 Eorcenberht (640-664)
 
 

Oswiu (642-644) (son of Æðelfrið)

  Cenwalh (643-645)
 

Oswiu (644-654)

Oswin (644-651) (son of Osric)
  Penda (645-648)
 
 
  Cenwalh (648-674)
Seaxburh (wife of Cenwalh), co-ruler (672-674)
 
650
  Æthelwold (651-654) (son of Oswald)
 
 
 

Oswiu (654-670)

 

Oswiu (655-658)

 
 
  Wulfhere (658-675)
 
660
 
 
 
  Ecgberht I (664-673)
 
 
 
 
 
670

Ecgfrith (670-685) (son of Oswiu)

 
 
 
  Cenfus (674) Hlothhere (674 or 675-685)
Aescwine (674-676)
  Æthelred I (675-704)
  Centwine (676-685)
 
 
 
680
 
 
 
 
 

Aldfrith (685-704)

Caedwalla (685-688) Eadric (685-686)
  Mul (686-687)
  Swæfheard (687-692)
Swæfberht (fl. 689)
Oswine (689-690)
  Ine (688-726)
 
690
 
  Wihtred (692-725)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eighth Century 700
 
 
 
 

Eadwulf (704-705)

Cenred (704-709)
  Osred I (705-716)
 
 
 
  Ceolred (709-716)
710
 
 
 
 
 
  Coenred (716-718) Ceolwald (716)
Æthelbald (716-757)
 
  Osric (718-729)
 
720
 
 
 
 
  Æðelberht II (725-762)
Ælfric (fl. 725)
Eadberht I (725-748)
Eardwulf
  Æthelheard (726-740)
 
 
  Ceolwulf (729-731; 731-737)
730
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Eadberht (737-758)
 
 
740 Cuthred (740-756)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
750
 
 
 
 
 
  Sigeberht (756-757)
  Beornred (757) Cynewulf (757-786)
Offa (757-796)
Ecgfrith (son of Offa), co-ruler 787-796
  Oswulf (758-759) (son of Eadberht)
  Æthelwald Moll (759-765)
760
 
  Eadberht II (fl. 762)
Sigered (fl. 762)
  Eanmund (fl. 762-764)
  Heaberht (fl. 764-765)
  Alhred (765-774) (descendent of Ida/Deirian line) Ecgberht II (765-779)
 
 
 
 
770
 
 
 
  Æthelred I (774-779) (son of Æthelwald Moll)
 
 
 
 
  Ælfwald I (779-788) (grandson of Eadberht)
780
 
 
 
  Ealhmund (fl. 784)
  Beorhtric (785-802) Offa (757-796)
Ecgfrith (son of Offa), co-ruler 787-796
 
 
  Osred II (788-790) (son of Alhred)
 
790 Æthelred I (790-796)
 
 
 
 
 
  Osbald (796) Cenwulf (796-821)
Cynehelm (co-ruler, son of Cenwulf), 612 or 621
Eadberht III Præn (796-798)
Eardwulf (796-806)
 
  Cenwulf (798-807)
 
Ninth Century 800
 
  Egbert (802-839)
 
 
 
  Ælfwald II (806-808)
 
  Eardwulf (808-810)
 
810 Eanred (810-841)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
820
  Ceolwulf I (821-823) Ceolwulf I (821-823)
 
  Beornwulf (823-826) Beornwulf (823-825)
 
  Baldred (825-825)
Ecgberht (825-839)
  Ludeca (826-827)
  Wiglaf (827-829; 830-840)
 
  Egbert (829-830)
830 Wiglaf (827-829; 830-840)
Wigmund (son of Wiglaf, probably co-ruler), 840
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Æðelwulf (839-856)
840 Wigstan (840)
Beorhtwulf (840-852)
  Æthelred II (841-844)
 
 
  Rædwulf (844)
Æthelred II (844-848)
 
 
 
  Osberht (848-862)
 
850
 
  Burgred (852-874)
 
 
 
  Æðelbald (856-860)
 
 
 
860 Æðelbert (860-865)
 
  Ælle II (862-867)
 
 
  Æðelred (865-871)
 
  Osberht (867)
Egbert I (867-872)
 
 
870
  Ælfred (871-899)
  Ricsige (872-876)
 
  Ceolwulf II (874-883)
 
  Ecgberht II (876- c.878)
 
 
 
880
 
 
  Guthfrith I Hardicnutson (883-895) Æthelred II and Æðelflæd (883-911)
 
 
 
 
 
 
890
 
 
 
 
  Siefred (895-900)
 
 
 
  Edward the Elder (899-924)
Tenth Century 900 Cnut (900-902)
 
  Æthelwald (902)
Halfdan II and Eowils Ragnarson (902-910)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
910 Ragnall I Ivarsson (910-920)
  Æthelflæd (911-918)
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Ælfwynn (918-919)
  Edward the Elder (919-924)
920 Sigtrygg Caech the Squinty (920-927)
 
 
 
  Ælfweard (924)
  Athelstan (925-939)
 
  Athelstan (927-939)
 
 
930
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Olaf I Guthfrithson (939-941) Edmund (939–946)
940
  Olaf II Cuaran the Sandal (941-943)
 
  Ragnall II Guthfrithsson (943-944)
  Edmund (944-946)
 
  Edred (946-947) Edred (946-955)
  Eric Bloodaxe (947-948)
  Edred (948-949)
  Olaf II Cuaran the Sandal (949-952)
950
 
  Eric Bloodaxe (952-954)
 
  Edred (954-955)
  Eadwig (955-959)
 
 
 
  Edgar the Peaceable (959-975)
960
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
970
 
 
 
 
  Edward the Martyr (975-978)
 
 
  Æþelræd Unræd (978-1016)
 
980
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
990
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleventh Century 1000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1010
 
 
 
 
 
  Canute (1016-1035) Eadmund (1016)
Canute (1016-1035)
 
 
 
1020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1030
 
 
 
 
  Harald I Harefoot (1035-1040)
 
 
 
 
1040 Harthacanute (1040-1042)
 
  Edward (the Confessor) (1042-1066)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1050
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1060
 
 
 
 
 
  Harold II Godwinson (1066)
Edgar Æþeling (1066)
William I (1066-1087)
 
 
1070
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1080
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1090